Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend college at home or abroad, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


  Nowadays, there has been a heated discussion as to a better choice between attending college at home and abroad. Views on the topic vary greatly among people from different walks of life.

  Some believe that it is a better choice to study in domestic colleges, but others consider it better to study abroad. I totally agree with the latter idea for the reasons presented below. To begin with, it harms the society in that the greater the competition is, the higher the recruitment requirements willbecome.

  Therefore, with experiences of studying abroad, graduates will become more competitive in job hunting. Furthermore, it is beneficial to the students themselves to study abroad. Without the choice to pursue overseas study, many great scholars today would never have achieved such great success.

  From my perspective, it is crucial that the government should encourage people to pursue overseas study. Also it is crucial that people should understand the meaning and value of attending college abroad.

  Only in this way can we achieve greater success.




  at home 在家;在国内

  domestic[dəˈmɛstɪk]家庭的;热心家务的, 仆人,佣人




  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on mobile live video broadcasting. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


  In recent years, mobile live video broadcasting has been very popular among young people. People can broadcast their daily life anytime at any place as they like as long as they have a smartphone. In my opinion, there are disadvantages as well as advantages of mobile live video broadcasting.

  On the one hand, mobile live video broadcasting enables people to show their talent online, which gives them a chance to earn money online. And it is also a good way to share their life experience with their friends and family. On the other hand, if people don’t use their time properly, they may become addicted to it. Particularly, if students spend too much time playing it, they may neglect their studies, which is not good for them.

  In conclusion, mobile live video broadcasting is a fashionable way to enrich people’s life. However, we should make best use of our time and keep ourselves from being addicted to it.




  Importance of Buying a House

  There is a heated debate on the importance ofbuying a house with the soaring house prices. Those emphasizing the in^ortance of buyiog ahouse maintain that living in your bwn house makes you feel better and more comfortablecompared to that in a rented one. Besides, no investment is more rewarding than buying ahouse nowadays. Statistics from both home and abroad shows that owning a houseguarantees an increase in assets.

  Quite the contrary, many people say, buying a house is not that important. On one hand,a rented apartment can provide the same comfortable or even better life for people. This isespecially true when many people have no money to decorate their houses after the bigpurchase. On the other hand, peopk can spend more money on other more protitableinvestment than involving in real estate, such as buying stocks or other art poliections.

  Personally, I think possessing a house is extremely important. At its core, a house is ashelter After buying a house, people will becomc stable. What’s more important is that thctrchildren will also settle and can concentrate on study _ children could get affected as theyadapt themselves with the new places, teachers and creating new friends making them Lagbehind academically.


  importance [ɪmˈpɔːtəns]重要;重要性;傲慢


  extremely[ɪkˈstriːmlɪ] 极端地,非常地,很




  In recent years, Sinology, the study of Chinese traditional culture, literature, history, society etc, has become increasingly popular For instance, it is reported that many primary and secondary schools have set up courses of sinology, in which students are taught classical works by Chinese ancient educators and philosophers, like Confucius- Another good illustration is in the program CCTV Lecture Room famous scholars, e.g, Yu Dan, give lectures on Chinese ancient philosophies and literatures.

  Sinology becomes prevalent due to the fact that it is of vital significance for both the individuals and the society. For one thing, Sinology is the essence of Chinese civilization with more than 5,000 years. Thus, for individuals, they can enlarge their scope of knowledge, enrich their experience and adapt themselves to the complicated society. For another, it is acknowledged that the rehabilitation of Sinology can contribute to the establishment of a harmonious society.

  In my opinion, all Chinese people should inherit the merits of Sinology. To do so, we can read books by ourselves or to attend lectures on this issue. Besides, we have the gation to popularize introducing it to the world By doing so, we can not only inherit it but also make it glorious and prosperous.


  For instance例如,比如; 拿 … 来说

  it is reported据悉


真题 1

  Directions: Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Seek to understand others, and you will be understood.”You can cite examples to illustrate your views.You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  There is a proverb going like this, “Seek to understand others, and you will be understood.” Simple as the saying is, its implication deserves exploring. From my perspective, the real sense of the proverb lies in mutual understanding.
  One of the reasons that mutual understanding is so vital is that it forms the basis of all friendships and relationships. Mutual understanding allows existing differences between two or more partied to be acknowledged, accepted and respected, so that common ground and a collective vision can be found. This is true regardless of whether the relationship is between individuals, businesses or even countries. For example, the US and British governments may not see eye to eye on every issue, but they have been able to put aside their differences and forge a friendship and alliance supported by their shared values. We may not fully agree with other people’s opinions or beliefs. However, by understanding the reasons behind their words and actions, we can learn to “disagree without being disagreeable”so that quarrels are averted.
  Therefore, for those who wish to build lasting relationships, prevent conflict with others, seeking and achieving mutual understanding with others is not only important, but essential.









The Internet, as a platform of the virtual world, has aroused public attention these years. However, in a new Gallup poll, about 100 million Chinese cyber citizens are willing to chat with the other side of the net for several hours, but refuse to talk with their neighbors even for a moment. This deserves our consideration.

Actually, this phenomenon is prevalent nowadays. There’s no denying that the Internet creates a cyberspace for people to evade the burden of the real world and find temporary relaxation. People can experience their own dream and enjoy heartily in the virtual world. For example, an increasing young adults could feel extremely proud of their upper ranks in online games. Nevertheless, it is clear that the more time one spends on surfing, the less time one does with his or her family and friends. If the situation continues, it will weaken one’s bonds with the real life. For instance, it would become difficult for them to fulfill necessary tasks and, more seriously, their individual development would be consequently hampered. As a result, addiction to the virtual world will render a person nothing in the real world.

Obviously, appropriate measures need to be taken. For one thing, the youth should be educated to realize the importance of the real life. For another, their time on online and activities in real life should be balanced.


(中心词), as(补充说明中心词), has aroused public attention these years. However, in a new Gallup poll, a(数据说明). This deserves our consideration.

Actually, this phenomenon is prevalent nowadays. There’s no denying that(毫无疑问的好处). People can (细节支持) in the virtual world. For example,(举例). Nevertheless, it is clear that(显而易见的弊端或危害). If the situation continues, it will weaken(细节支持). For instance,(举例一) and, more seriously, (举例二) .As a result, addiction to the virtual world will render(总结危害).

Obviously, appropriate measures need to be taken. For one thing,(角度一). For another,(角度二).









With the growing of the world wide web, those luckily enough to learn by the net face the decision of e-learning and attending school. The choice is a difficult one as both ways of learning have advantage. Personally, I believe, although e-learning is obviously convenient, the benefits are often not significant and in many ways learning in this kind of way can limit one’s experience.

Undoubtedly, the conveniences of e-learning include the fact that it easily breaks through the limitations of time and space and offers the update knowledge and lower learning cost. Additionally, it is a more advanced approach to access to essential and useful information. However, the disadvantage of e-learning is clear as well. It cannot allow the students to socialize; namely, it cannot help develop the necessary social skills needed to survive in today’s fast-pace world. Fortunately, this can be fulfilled by attending school. For example, many people meet their best friends while attending school. These friendships are deepened over spending hours and hours in the same classrooms together. Consequently, the bonds that are formed in classroom cannot be replaced by e-learning.

In a word, when combined with other learning methods, such as face-to-face sessions, e-learning is most effective. That is to say, it is a good idea that we combine e-learning and attending school together. No matter what we choose, as college students, we should study more effectively.


With the growing of the world wide web, those(某类和主题相关的人群) face the decision of (关键词1+关键词2). The choice is a difficult one as both ways of(关键词的类别) have advantage. Personally, I believe, although(关键词1) is obviously convenient, the benefits are often not significant and in many ways (局限性).

Undoubtedly, the conveniences of(关键词1)include the fact that it(细节支持). Additionally, (细节支持). However, the disadvantage of (关键词1) is clear as well. It cannot(弊端); namely, it cannot(进一步解释弊端). Fortunately, this can be fulfilled by(关键词2). For example, (举例). Consequently, (小结).

In a word, when(假设某种条件), such as(举例),(关键词1) is most effective. That is to say, it is a good idea that(进一步阐述我的观点). No matter what we choose, as college students, we should (结合自身举例,使文章立意升华).









At the mention of the robots, many fiction films are rising before my eyes, such as AI(Artificial Intelligence). I would like to imagine what will happen when an increasing number of robots take the place of human beings in our life. How interesting the scene is—there’s a robot ready to help you, whether it is helping your mother with household chores or helping you copy the text.

Clearly, the robots contribute to the progression of human beings’ society. For one thing, they liberate the labor force and promote the industrial efficiency. For another, they are engaged in some dangerous work, protecting mankind from the risks. However, sometimes the robots cause troubles. On the one hand, it will impair man’s innovation ability, if humanity completely depends on the robots for a long time. On the other hand, a single robot can wreck a lot, if robots are given awareness. Hence, if robots are to reach further, there are still much real challenge.

As for me, robots will not take the place of human beings totally, although they would exceed the man in many aspects, such as power of work, operating rate and memory function. Nevertheless, because robots lack the capability of logical thinking and reasoning, it dooms that they can not solve the complicated problems as humans do. Therefore, robots cannot do better than human in many fields, let alone substituting humans.


At the mention of the (关键词), (具体情况), such as(举例). I would like to imagine(题目主旨). How (与主题相关的形容词)the scene is— (细节支持).

Clearly, the(关键词)contribute to the progression of human beings’ society. For one thing,(细节支持). For another,(细节支持). However, sometimes the(关键词) cause troubles. On the one hand,(细节支持). Hence, if (关键词) are to reach further, there are still much real challenge.

As for me,(自己的看法), although they would(让步假设), such as(举例). Nevertheless, because(某种原因), it dooms that they can not (存在弊端). Therefore,(进一步总结).


Equality of Education Opportunity

  1. 近年来出现一些教育不公平的现象

  2. 出现这些现象的原因和后果

  3. 为了改变这种状况,我认为……


Equality of Education Opportunity

In recent years the problems which are causedby the inequality of education opportunity haveattracted the public’s attention. For instance, thebackward teaching facilities anddilapidated schoolbuildings in rural areas are in sharp contrast tothose advanced facilities and well-equippedclassrooms in urban areas, students from poor families cannot go to universities because ofthe high tuition.

There are several factors which contribute to these problems. First, the distribution ofresources is unbalanced between rural and urban schools. Second, educational loans for poorstudents are far from enough. Third, the inequality in some schools’ admission policies alsoturns many students away. The education inequality can result in many bad impacts. On onehand, it can affect people’s future employment. On the other hand,it is the root of manysocial problems.

To change this situation, I think, we should take the following measures. Firstly, thegovernment’s spending on education should be increased and the allocation of public resourcesgives priority to rural and weak urban schools. Secondly, the implementation of thegovernment financial aid system for students should be accelerated. Thirdly, the governmentshould speed up education reforms to ensure everyone has equal access to schools.



1) 大多数人 most people→ the majority of the population

2) 经常 often→frequently

3) 我相信 I believe→ from my standpoint, from my perspective

4) 必须 must→ it is a must for us to…

5) 知道 know→ be aware of

6) 因为 because→in that

7) 最后 at last→eventually

8) 然而 but→however

9) 如果 if→provided that

10) 各行各业的人 all kinds of people→people from all walks of life

11) 引起,导致 lead to→contribute to

12) 人 people→individuals

13) 好的 good→desirable, beneficial

14) 坏的 bad→undesirable

15) 很多many→ numerous

16) 越来越 more and more→ a(n) increasing/mounting number of

17) 很 very→extremely

18) 方面 side→aspects

19) 表明 show→demonstrate, indicate

20) 利用 use→utilize

21) 因此/结果 so→therefore

22) 部分 part→proportion

23) 提高 improve→enhance

24) 改变 change→transform

25) 强调/重视 emphasize→ attach great importance to

26) 培养 develop→cultivate

27) 破坏 destroy→undermine

28) 解决 deal with →tackle /figure out

29) 普遍的 everywhere→universal

30) 明显的 obvious→apparent

31) 在当今社会 in the modern society→in the current society

32) 使 make→enable


  1. at the thought of 一想到…

  2. as a whole 就整体而论

    (in general 就整体而论)

  3. at will 随心所欲

  4. be abundant in 富于,富有

    (be rich in 富于,富有)

  5. access to 能接近,进入,了解

  6. without accident 安全地

  7. of one’s own accord 自愿地 ,主动地

    ( without being asked 自愿地 ,主动地)

  8. in accord with 与…一致

    ( out of one’s accord with 同…不一致)

  9. with one accord 一致地

    (with everybody agreeing 一致地)

  10. in accordance with 依照,根据

    (in agreement with 依照,根据)

  1. on one’s own account

  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

  1. take…into account 把…..考虑进去

  2. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

  3. account for 解释, 说明

​ (give an explanation or reason for 解释)

  1. on account of 由于,因为

​ (because of 由于,因为)

  1. on no account 决不

​ (in no case, for no reason 决不)

  1. accuse…of…指控,控告

(charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about 指控,控告)

  1. be accustomed to 习惯于

​ (be used to)习惯于

  1. be acquainted with 了解

  2. act on 奉行,按照…行动;

​ act as 扮演

​ act for 代理

  1. adapt oneself to 使自己适应于

​ (adjust oneself to 使自己适应于)

  1. adapt…for 改写以适应(新的需要)

  2. in addition 此外, 又, 加之

  3. in addition to 除…外

​ (as well as 除…外)

  1. adhere to 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  2. adjacent(=next to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  3. adjust to (=change slightly)调节; 适应

  4. admit of (=be capable of) …的可能,留有…的余地

  5. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先

  6. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地

  1. have an advantage over 胜过

 have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

 have the advantage of sb.


  1. take advantage of 利用

  2. agree with 赞同(某人意见)

​ agree to 同意

  1. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

  2. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…

​ ahead of time 提前

  1. in the air 1)悬而未决. 2)在谣传中

  2. above all 尤其是, 最重要的

  3. in all 总共, 总计

  4. after all 毕竟,到底;

  1) (not) at all 一点也不;

  2) all at once(=suddenly)突然;

  3) once and for all 只此一次;

  4) above all 最重要的;

  5) first of all 首先;

  6) all in all 大体上说;

  7) be all in 累极了;

  8) all but 几乎

  1. allow for (take into consideration) 考虑到, 估计到
  1. amount to总计, 等于。

  2. answer for 对…负责。

  3. conform to 适合,符合。

  4. be anxious about 为…焦急不安;

​ (anxious for)

  1. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

  2. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.

​ appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

  1. apply for 申请

  2. apply to 与…有关;适用

  3. approve of 赞成

  4. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起

  1. arrange for sb. to do sth. 安排…做…

  2. arrive on 到达;

​ arrive at 到达某地(小地方);获得;

​ arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  1. be ashamed of 以…为羞耻

  2. assure sb. of sth. 向…保证, 使…确信

  3. attach to缚, 系 ,结

  4. make an attempt at doing sth. 试图做…

  5. attend to 注意,照顾

​ attend on 侍候,照料

  1. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度 

  2. attribute…to… 把…归因于…,认为…是…的结果

  3. on the average 平均

  1. (be) aware of 意识到,知道

  2. at the back of 在…后面

  3. in the back of 在…后部(里面);

​ on the back of 在…后部(外面)

  1. at one’s back 支持,维护;

  2. turn one’s back on sb. 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

  3. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

  4. be based on / upon 基于

  5. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上

  6. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

  7. begin with 以…开始 

  1. on behalf of 以…名义

  2. believe in 相信,依赖,信仰。

  3. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。

  4. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)

  5. for the better 好转

  6. get the better of 打败, 胜过。

  7. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统

​ at birth 在出生时

  1. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人

​ blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

  1. in blossom开花(指树木)  

  2. on board 到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机

  1. boast of 吹嘘

  2. out of breath 喘不过气来

  3. in brief 简言之

  4. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

  5. take the floor 起立发言

  6. on business 出差办事

  7. be busy with sth.于某事

​ be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

  1. last but one 倒数第二

  2. but for 要不是(表示假设)

  3. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

  4. be capable of 能够, 有能力

 be capable of being+过去分词 是能够被…的

  1. in any case 无论如何

  2. in case 万一

  3. in case of 如果发生…万一

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

  1. in no case 在任何情况下都不

  2. be cautious of 谨防

  3. center one’s attention on 把某人的注意力集中在…上

  4. be certain of (be sure of) 有把握, 一定

  5. for certain of (for sure )肯定地,有把握地

  6. by chance(by accident)偶然